Officer Charged with Aggrevated Child Abuse

Hokes Bluff police officer and former sheriffs deputy Jason Barry Raley has been charged with aggravated child abuse. The 30 years old Raley faces felony charges for allegedly abusing a fiver year old boy in various parts of the Hokes Bluff area. Etowah County Sheriff Todd Entrekin stated “My message is very simple, whether you are a law enforcement officer or work in any other career field, if you hurt a child or break the law you will go to jail,” Raley is being held on one hundred thousand dollars bail at the Etowah County Detention Center. The case is still under investigation. Child abuse is a serious crime and can have lasting effects on a persona life if they are found guilty and convicted in a court of law. The most advisable thing to do in this situation is to seek advice from a reputable Birmingham criminal defense law firm and find out what your options are.

Birmingham Burglary Suspect Arrested

Delone Carter – Suspect in Custody

34 year old Delone Carter was arrested for his alleged involvement in an string of burglaries throughout Alabama, Georgia, and South Carolina.

Police suspect the man from Georgia for an office burglary off U.S 280. Officials say Carter got away with over $75,000 worth of electronics. Surveillance videos showed the suspect simply walking into the office building during regular business hours then walking out with unattended laptops.

Carter confessed to this and several other burglaries after his arrest which involved a high speed car chase which ended on foot. In the car, police officials found tools for what the suspect confessed were for a burglary he was on his way to commit.

For now, he is only being charged with four counts of burglary and two counts of theft. This is expected to increase as four other neighboring cities have also obtained warrants for the suspects arrest.

If you or someone you know is being investigated or charged of a crime, no matter what the nature or circumstances, it is important to know that you still have rights. For more serious nature crimes that fall under the federal crime category contact an experienced Alabama federal crime defense lawyer. Every crime is serious when the results of  conviction could land you behind bars for a considerable amount of time so getting proper legal representation is always in your best interest.


The Criminal Law Procedure

Criminal procedure in the United States is the method through which the government enforces criminal laws. The overall criminal process includes a specific set of rules. Below is an orderly list of what happens in this process. A Birmingham criminal defense attorney can help you with individual cases but as a general overview this is how criminal cases go:

•    When it  has been determined that a crime has been committed an arrest is made or charges are filed for a warrant
•    The accused person will undergo the booking process where administrative information is gathered such as telephone number, fingerprints, age, name and address.
•    Informal arraignment (within 2 – 48 hours). Here, the arrested person will be informed of the charges against them and be given their Miranda rights if they have not already done so.
•    Bail will be set unless the charge is murder. If the charge is murder it is up to the judge whether or not to set bail.
•    Defendant will leave bail or remain in custody. They will then be notified of when and where they are scheduled to appear next.
•    Preliminary hearing (usually within 7 – 10 days of informal arraignment). In this step of the process, the prosecution must prove that the charges are valid, and they will likely call witnesses and show evidence. The defense typically will not during this step. The presiding judge will determine whether or not the person should actually go to trial.The exception to this step is if the case is remanded to federal court. In this situation the defendant will go before a private grand jury.
•    A plea bargain may occur. This is an arrangement where the prosecutor will recommend a reduced term of incarceration or probation in exchange for a guilty plea.
•    Formal arraignment. Defendant may plea for each charge listed in the preliminary hearing. If the defendant pleads “not guilty” the process will continue.
•    A trial will be brought about within 180 days of criminal complaint, and the accused may present their defense
•    Sentencing occurs.
•    Appeals may be filed within 30 days.

Early in the criminal process there are many cases, but as they progress they begin to dwindle in number. Some cases get dismissed and others are referred for treatment or counseling

Assault Against a 3-month-old Child

Assault Against a 3-month-old Child


Tremain Gates, a 23-year old Calera, AL resident was arrested for domestic violence toward a 3-month-old child on Aug. 25th.

In the case, Gates reportedly threw the child against a wall and then onto the floor while baby sitting. When the mother returned home, she notices that her child could only open one eye, was very tired, and crying excessively.

After realizing the baby’s injuries, the mother took her child to Shelby Baptist Medical Center where they found that the child’s skull had been fractured.

Gates shocked the entire community with such a horrible event.

“I’m basically at a loss for words. I mean it’s kind of shocking especially you know when it involves a small child,” said a resident of Calera and neighbor of Gates.

Gates is currently being held at Shelby County jail on a 1 million dollar bond, and is being charged with 1st degree domestic violence.

Birmingham Criminal Law and the Attorney Client Privilege

Attorney-client privilege is what keeps communications between an attorney and the people they represent confidential. It only applies under certain circumstances, however. There are some types of attorney-client interactions that are not protected under these laws. For example, if the attorney you’re talking to is helping you with business advice or with your taxes, it’s unlikely that you could invoke attorney-client privilege to protect any of the information that you exchange. Criminal cases are were attorney-client privilege generally applies.

In order for you to claim attorney-client privilege on any information, it has to have been communicated to an attorney who is a member of the state bar. It also has to be information that was exchanged as a process of you getting legal information or your attorney getting information from you about your case. For example, if you and your attorney were actually trying to figure out how to commit a crime, attorney-client privilege would not protect any of the communication involved in the commission of that crime.

If you communicate something to a third-party or if you communicate it to the media, you cannot invoke attorney-client privilege. If you communicate something to the police, it cannot be retroactively protected under these laws.

Attorney-client privilege also protects you against attorneys that are unethical. If they are found to be divulging information about their clients that they should not be discussing with anyone except those clients, they may be removed from the bar. It doesn’t matter if they are still representing you or not. It is considered part of their obligation to you to keep your information private from the time they represent you forward.

Attorney-client privilege is, more than anything, conditional. It is not dependent solely upon the fact that person with whom you are communicating is an attorney, it depends upon the purpose and the circumstances of those communications

Criminal Cases and Plea Bargaining

There are plenty of cases where an individual is charged with several different crimes and were they only end up being convicted of one or two of them. There are also cases where a defendant will receive a reduced sentence in exchange for pleading guilty to a crime rather than costing the state expense of a trial. This is called plea-bargaining and is something a criminal attorney will sometimes advised that their clients attempt.

Plea-bargaining means working with the prosecution to determine if there is an acceptable arrangement under which they may seek a reduced sentence for you or under which they may drop some of the charges pending against you. For example, if you get pulled over for a DUI and are found to also be in possession of illegal drugs and a firearm, you could feasibly be facing at least three separate charges. The prosecution may agree to drop some of the minor charges in exchange for you pleading guilty to the more serious charges or, in some cases, only the most serious of all the charges.

There are also cases where entering a plea may cause the prosecution to be inclined to argue on your behalf for a more lenient sentence. If you are convicted of a DWI, for instance, and have no other criminal convictions and haven’t even been in trouble with the law at any point during your life, the prosecution may recommend that you are given a lighter sentence because they don’t regard you as a particular threat to society. The amount of plea-bargaining you can do will depend upon the severity of the charges against you. If the charges are very minor, there may even be cases where you can enter into a plea bargain that will end up in a significant charge being completely dismissed from the case.

How to Appeal a Conviction

Your attorney may advise that you appeal a conviction if it is obvious that you were treated unfairly during a trial or that there was some sort of incompetence involved in your defense. The process starts by filing a notice of appeal. This is a form that you get from the court. In some cases, you can also get them from other locations. You simply fill out the form and bring it back to the court within 10 days. There’ll be a fee involved in filing for an appeal. It can be substantial, so make sure you ask how much you will need beforehand.

After you have filed your notice and made your payment, you have to file a motion that details the reasons why you are appealing your conviction. This is something your attorney will put together for you. If you have a new attorney, they will put together the appeal for you.

After your motion to appeal has been filed, you’ll receive a court date. This should happen fairly quickly. There may be other forms that you need to file to complete the process. If you have an attorney’s help, they will take care of this and make sure that your forms are all filed and that you’re ready to go when your court date comes around. If you’re doing this yourself, make sure that you pay attention to the details of what is required of you.

If you’re too late to file your appeal, you may have to go before a district court judge to get permission to file. Make sure you check how much time you have, but it will usually be 10 days. If you’re filing all this paperwork yourself, be sure to ask someone else for assistance if you don’t understand something that is required or question that is being asked.

Alabama Holds Highest Rate of Prescription Narcotic Use

While the United States makes up only 5% of the worlds population, it is attributed to consuming almost 80% of all opioid drugs.

Unfortunately, Alabama is one of the biggest contributors to this issue. According to Express Scripts, Alabama ranks at the top of the list for highest rate of use and fifth-highest costs of prescription narcotics in the country. The study found that while the national average of prescriptions filled per person a year in 2010 was 0.67, Alabama today stands at 1.17 prescription filled per person a year.

In a perfect world. the high use could be associated with excellent patient care and legitimate medical treatment. In the real world, the numbers suggest that Alabama has a major problem with the misuse of prescription drugs. This is considered by health professionals as “illegal diversion,” meaning that the drugs are being used to get high, not for treatment.

In any case, with high rankings come national attention. Police agencies in Alabama are going to be looking to restore their reputation and crack down of prescription drug use.  With added emphasis comes high arrests and the compulsion of prosecutors to make examples of misguided or innocent citizens. Don’t let this happen to you. If you or someone you know is being accused of illegal drug use make sure you have the right legal representation on your side. Whether justice for you means receiving a fair sentencing with professional help or the acquittal of all your charges, research a good Criminal Defense Law Firm near you today.

Being Detained vs. Being Arrested

Welcome to, To get us started here we are going to clarify what the difference is between being detained and being arrested.

There are some areas of the law where the exact definitions of words are not clear. The areas of the law that surround the concept of being detained are one such area. An officer may detain you if they suspect that you are involved in the crime but they’re not arresting you for it yet. For example, if they find you in somebody’s yard in the middle of the night and you have no good reason why you should be there, they may detain you for a few minutes to check to see if you have warrants out or to investigate what’s going on. When they detain you in this way, you are generally not free to leave on your own.

When you are arrested, you are formally being charged with a crime. This means you are absolutely not free to leave on your own and that you will likely be booked, searched for weapons and kept in custody for a time. You may also have to pay bail to get out of custody before you are brought before a judge. Being detained is not this formal. Oftentimes, the severity of being detained depends upon exactly what the circumstances surrounding it are.

For example, if you are nearby when a minor altercation happens, the police officers that show up to break it up may want to detain you for a few minutes to ask you what happened. You’re not being arrested but you are expected to wait until the officer gives you permission to leave. If you are being detained, it’s always acceptable to ask the officer if you may leave or whether they intend to charge you with a crime or not. Agencies other than law enforcement can detain you, as well. As an example, if you are caught shoplifting at a store, the store security may detain you until the officers arrived to arrest you.